Very old Yorkshire variety, circa 1707, developed at Ribston Hall in Knaresborough, said to be from seed brought from Rouen in France in 1688. The original tree died in 1835 after it had been brought down by gales in 1810. A parent of Cox’s Orange Pippin.
‘Ribston Pippin’ also known by other names including ‘Essex Pippin’, ‘Beautiful Pippin’, ‘Formosa’, ‘Glory of York’, ‘Ribstone’, ‘Rockhill’s Russet’, ‘Travers’, and ‘Travers’s Reinette’.
This apple was grown in 1708 from one of three apple pips sent from Normandy to Sir Henry Goodricke of Ribston Hall at Knaresborough, Yorkshire; the original trunk did not die until 1835. It then sent up a new shoot and, on the same root, lived until 1928.
The ‘Ribston Pippin’ is one of the possible parents of ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’.
The apple skin is a yellow, flushed orange, streaked red with russet at the base and apex. The yellow flesh is firm, fine-grained, and sweet with a pear taste. Irregularly shaped and sometimes lopsided, the apple is usually round to conical in shape and flattened at the base with distinct ribbing. Weather conditions during ripening cause a marbling or water coring of the flesh, and in very hot weather, the fruit will ripen prematurely.
A vigorous tree with upright growth, its medium-sized ovate to oval-shaped leaves are a deep green color and distinctly folded with sharp, regular, and shallow serrations. The surface of the leaf is smooth and dull with a heavy pubescence.
It is very slow to begin bearing, and the proper pollinators will increase the fruitfulness. ‘Lord Lambourne’ has been recommended for a pollinator, as well as ‘Adam’s Pearmain’, ‘James Grieve’, and ‘Egremont Russet’.
‘Ribston Pippin’ has one of the highest vitamin C contents; 30 mg/100g.